Egypt on the brink: 'The price can be my life,' President Morsi says - as it happened

时间:2019-08-01  作者:郁砩  来源:2018线上博彩娱乐排行  浏览:170次  评论:32条

Summary

We're going to wrap up our live blog coverage for the day. Here's a summary of where things stand:

President Mohamed Morsi delivered a defiant televised speech at midnight Tuesday declaring his willingness to give his life to defend governmental "legitimacy." He did not speak directly to an army ultimatum for him to cut a political deal by Wednesday afternoon, but earlier he dismissed the ultimatum in a tweet. The speech appeared to set not to divert the Morsi government and the on from a collision course with the military and opposition.

An official death toll Tuesday evening from Cairo clashes put the number killed at seven, but that figure was expected to rise, perhaps substantially. Hundreds were injured as opposition forces and Muslim Brotherhood and Morsi supporters battled with live gunfire and other weapons. Main sites of conflict were Cairo University and Kitkat Square in Giza. 

for the political future called for the suspension of the constitution, the dissolution of parliament and new presidential elections.

For a third straight day dueling protests materialized across the country, with numbers in Tahrir Square swelling after what at the start looked to be a quieter day for demonstrations.

Updated

The snap reactions to Morsi's speech center on a few lines, including his stated willingness to spill his own blood to defend the government and his  for a reconciliation commission and parliamentary elections – proposals that are not being taken as serious offers. 

The Big Pharaoh (@TheBigPharaoh)

This speech has hidden incitement for civil strife. "I will shed my blood for legitimacy".

Hussein Ibish (@Ibishblog)

No other interpretation for speech: made no effort to remain president because believes that's hopeless, preparing for aftermath.

Meanwhile opposition protesters still in the street after midnight are reportedly unified in their :

Updated

Morsi concludes his speech.

Dalia Ezzat (@DaliaEzzat_)

Morsi : the will of the people was decided through elections that already took place and will be decided again in future elections.

Rawya Rageh (@RawyaRageh)

: I will walk with you till the end on the path of legitimacy. End of speech.

Updated

Jack Shenker Morsi:

Tomorrow is brighter than today, and legitimacy will protect us from falling into a dark tunnel, the end of which is not known.

General Sisi warned of the same "dark tunnel" in justifying possible army intervention in the form of the Monday ultimatum.

Rawya Rageh (@RawyaRageh)

I thought 'dark tunnel' was ElBaradei's word.. Now both Sissi & Morsi use it..

Morsi repeats that he's willing to spill his own blood to preserve the government.

Then he declares a "defining moment":

If the price for safeguarding legitimacy is my blood, then I am prepared to sacrifice my blood for the cause of safety and legitimacy of this homeland. Do not be fooled. Do not fall into the trap. Do not abandon this legitimacy. I am the guardian of this legitimacy.

This is a defining moment when I say I adhere to legitimacy and only legitimacy. The constitution and only the constitution. 

Mirette F. Mabrouk (@mmabrouk)

Translation of I'm willing to sacrifice anything for Egypt. I'm just not willing to step down. Or compromise. Or listen to opposition

Updated

Morsi turns briefly to a "message of love":

"I send a message, a message of love and a message of appreciation to all the people of , no matter what their positions are."

Morsi has floated several proposals, some of them seemingly drawn from aging opposition demands, including establishing a reconciliation commission to amend the constitution, holding parliamentary elections within six months, and changing the cabinet.

Rawya Rageh (@RawyaRageh)

: the former regime will not be back. Will NOT be back

Jack Shenker (@hackneylad)

if 's speech was a wordcloud there would just be a massive 'legitimacy' and 'initiative' in size 72 font. And nothing else.

Updated

Morsi continues speaking. He so far has blamed the violence on remnants of the former regime, claimed the mantle of the revolution and vowed to give his life to defend a "legitimate" government. Live video with English translation .

The army statement Monday gave Morsi until about 4pm Wednesday to cut a political deal that would fulfill the 'will of the people.' There does not appear to be much chance for such a breakthrough; in any case Morsi rejected the ultimatum in his historic tweet about an hour ago.

Morsi has not yet spoken specifically of the army ultimatum. 

Bassem Sabry باسم (@Bassem_Sabry)

Tomorrow is not going to be an easy day for Egypt.

Updated

Morsi says he's not clinging to power, that he's not known for that. But he was elected by the people in fair elections, a constitution was drafted and a government is in place, he says. It would be wrong to throw out the "democratic" precedent, he says.

He says that a legitimate government is in place. Then he makes a series of defiant statements:

I have no other option. I have shouldered the responsibility. I will continue shouldering the responsibility. 

He says he will stand up against "any who attempt to shed a drop of blood, drive a wedge between the people or act in violence."

I will adhere to this legitimacy and I will stand guardian to this legitimacy.

Now he is claiming the mantle of the revolution that removed Mubarak, "the revolution of January 25," saying "don't allow the revolution to be hijacked."

"The price can be my life. My own life. I am willing to safeguard and protect your lives."

Morsi blames Mubarak cronies and foreign influences for Egypt's troubles.

"The remnants of the former regime and their lack of desire to move forward and attempts to keep Egypt at a standstill – this is all unacceptable," he says.

President Morsi delivers a televised address at 11:30pm local time, 2 July 2013, in a screen grab from Al-Jazeera.
President Morsi delivers a televised address at 11:30pm local time, 2 July 2013, in a screen grab from Al-Jazeera. Photograph: /al-jazeera

Jack Shenker is the former Cairo correspondent for the Guardian:

Jack Shenker (@hackneylad)

Is 's speech a final cut pro mash-up of all his previous speeches? Sounds like it

Dr.Khalil al-ِِAnani (@Khalilalanani)

Irrelevant speech so far. He doesn't address the crisis.

Al Jazeera English has a  into English of Morsi's speech.

Hussein Ibish (@Ibishblog)

looks shaken, nervous and discombobulated to me.

Meanwhile:

Alastair Beach (@Alastair_Beach)

URGENT: extremely dangerous situation developing at Cairo University

The speech is actually happening. Morsi's most recent televised address lasted two-and-a-half hours.

Egyptian Presidency (@EgyPresidency)

President Morsy addressing the nation now.

AFP that president Morsi will deliver a televised address "shortly." In the past such announcements have not always been followed by actual addresses.

, the correspondent for the UK Independent, is the gun battle at Cairo University:

Khartoush pellets ricocheting off railings as shabab fight in burning wasteland of smashed glass and rubble near Cairo Uni Metro

Hundreds of Pro Morsies flee as antis come come charging out of side road and down main street towards main rally

Several gun shots ring out as the Pro Morsies are forced a cpl hundred metres back towards Cairo uni

Pro Morsies being forced back down Ahmed Zuwail. Khartouch pellets being fired by anti Morsies 

Alastair Beach (@Alastair_Beach)

Gun shots echoing down Ahmed Zuwail, pellets smashing into houses

Sounds like automatic rifle being fired by Pros but cannot confirm

Very heavy rapid firing, but did not see weapon

Regular bursts of gunfire now

Man on pro Morsi side now taking aim down street with shotgun. Several shots fired

After days of silence, the president responds to the army ultimatum and the millions in the streets ... in a tweet:

د.محمد مرسي (@MuhammadMorsi)

محمد مرسي يؤكد تمسكه بالشرعية الدستورية ويرفض أي محاولة للخروج عليها ويدعوالقوات المسلحة سحب إنذارها ويرفض أي إملاءات داخليةأوخارجية

Rough translation via @:

#President stands by his constitutional legitimacy, calls on the army to withdraw its ultimatum and refuses any interference, whether internal or external.

A literal translation by the AP:

#President Mohamed Morsi asserts his adherence to constitutional legitimacy and rejects any attempt to breach it and calls on the armed forces to withdraw their ultimatum and rejects any domestic or foreign dictates.

Bassem Sabry باسم (@Bassem_Sabry)

Pres. has just tweeted saying he's sticking to "constitutional legitimacy", asks Military to withdraw it's ultimatum.

Sabry goes on to say that "Morsi's 'tweet' will really heat things up further, also shows that it's likely the president had no other communcation option but to 'tweet'."

David Kenner of Foreign Policy says it's "interesting how Morsy's tweet calls for rejecting both internal and 'foreign' dictates – jab at the United States?"

DavidKenner (@DavidKenner)

Also, the Egyptian president's first response to days-long, millions-strong demonstrations was a tweet.

Updated

Egypt's Pope Tawadros tweeted his blessing on Tuesday for opposition protests, Reuters reports: 

Reflecting deep anxiety among Egypt's millions of Christians since last year's election victories Mursi and the Brotherhood, the head of the Coptic Church said on Twitter:

"A salute, in tribute and glorification, to the trio that makes Egypt great: the people ... the army ... and youth.

"Long live my country, free and strong.

"How impressive are the Egyptian people, as they reclaim the revolution that was stolen from them, in a civilised and highly elegant manner with the idea of "tamarud" (revolt). I pray for all the people of Egypt."

Christians - some 10 percent of Egypt's 84 million people - have feared an expansion of Islamic laws under Mursi. Since the 2011 revolution that ousted secular, army-backed autocrat Hosni Mubarak, they have complained of attacks on churches. There have been fatal clashes between Copts and security forces.

Update on of photojournalist David Degner who was detained near Cairo University and now appears to have been released:

أبو كار (@Sarahcarr)

Biiiiig thank you to the amazing who persuaded the man holding to release him.

The health ministry has announced seven deaths in the clashes:

BBC Breaking News (@BBCBreaking)

7 killed in clashes in , Egypt's health ministry says, as pro & anti-government protesters take to streets

There are reports of clashes around Cairo University on the west side of the Nile. The first reports came in about two hours ago. The extent of the clashes has been unclear. The Guardian's Patrick Kingsley . Photojournalist David Degner had been tweeting from the scene before apparently being detained: 

David Degner (@degner)

Shots still being fired from all sides. Focusing on two small streets, 200 gathered here.

David Degner (@degner)

Any other journalists here I can use help with a guy who thinks I’m a spy

Alastair Beach of the Independent continues to tweet from the scene (h/t @):

Alastair Beach (@Alastair_Beach)

Bunch of 'anti Morsies' just got onto roof overlooking flyover and started hurling rocks down below

The Guardian's Patrick Kingsley from Cairo on pro-Morsi demonstrators and the readiness of some factions to fight to preserve Islamist governance:

Posters of  can be seen on every other Egyptian street this week, usually with the eyes gouged out and his face covered with a giant cross. But outside the Rabaa al-Adaweya mosque in Nasr City, in east Cairo, pictures of the president remain in rather better shape.

It is here that about 100,000 Morsi supporters have gathered in recent days, a reminder that however many millions have  since Sunday, he retains a significant core support.

"I'm here to defend my vote and to defend a revolution I was part of," says Shaima Abdel-Hamid, a teacher at the rally. "We chose a president and now they want to get rid of him when he's dealing with 30 years of corruption. And they want to get rid of him after only a year."

Patrick Kingsley (@PatrickKingsley)

You can't make much of it out, bt this pro- rally in w. Cairo must b a 1/2-mile long. Still, nothing on Tahrir

For many their backing of Morsi goes beyond support for his democratic legitimacy. The battle for Morsi is also a battle for the concept of political Islam, or the idea that the state should be run according to Islamist principles.

"Myself, I hate Morsi," says Badr Badradin, an advertising agent who feels Morsi hasn't done enough to promote Islamist rule. "But it's not just about Morsi. It's about the future of political Islam. He just happens to be its face right now." Outside the mosque this week Islamists have often pointedly chanted: "Seculars will not rule  again."

Read the .

Updated

Fireworks burst over opponents of Egypt's Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, July 2, 2013.
Fireworks burst over opponents of Egypt's Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, July 2, 2013. Photograph: Amr Nabil/AP
Mia Jankowicz (@miajankowicz)

Who the hell is paying for all these fireworks? There's half a municipal Guy Fawkes budget going up every 5 minutes in Downtown .

The Guardian's has compiled a digest of new analysis and features on the developments in Egypt:

  • When the Egyptian Army gave President Morsi a 48-hour ultimatum to cut a political deal, comparisons arose to Algeria's 1991 army takeover to prevent Islamists who had won elections from taking political power. Fahmy argues that this is an ill-founded comparison:
    • "Back in 1991, the Algerian government's Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) suspended the elections immediately after the first round had showed a clear Islamist victory. The FIS never had a chance of forming a government. In Egypt, the situation is different. The Muslim Brotherhood did win, occupy the presidency, dominate parliament and form a government. It is their disastrous mismanagement and not a military fiat that caused their downfall. According to reliable opinion polls, Morsi lost half his own die-hard constituency in his first year in office"
  • : The Washington Post tracked down Alaa El Basha, the photographer behind a striking sunset photo from Alexandria that made the rounds on social media yesterday.
    • "It’s not one photo, it’s actually three pictures, edited together for maximum visual effect. "
  • Khairat Al Shater is the deputy leader of the Muslim Brotherhood and one of the group's main financiers. He has recently become the focus of opposition protestors who have attacked his family home, looted his supermarkets and assaulted his driver. The National takes a look at the enigmatic figure.
    • "Rarely appearing in media or granting interviews, Khairat Al Shater has built up a reputation of being a powerful back-room operator in the two and a half years since a popular uprising forced Mubarak to resign."
  • : Middle Eastern blogger and writer Nervana Mahmood writes that Egypt's current woes can be traced to the Muslim Brotherhood's desire to reshape the Egyptian narrative, from an ancient and transcultural 'mixing pot' to a purely Islamist nation-state.
    • Yet, this is not a revolution to establish democracy; it is revolution to defend an identity. Although there are several political, social, and economic factors behind June 30, the tipping point was what many in Egypt perceive as a new form of colonization by the Muslim Brotherhood; the revisionist party that considers itself the savior of Islam has embarked on a mission to change the identity of Egypt into an Islamist one."
  • : El Dahshan writes with concern about the celebratory mood which has engulfed his country, claiming that "this is no time for celebration." He ponders why "Egypt seems to systematically choose the worst possible option whenever it finds itself at a crossroads":
    • " In its one year of rule, the Muslim Brotherhood has squandered much of the public sympathy it had garnered over 80 years of existence and 60 years of military persecution. The same people who took to the streets in January 2011, protesting the police violence that often targeted the Brotherhood, were out today to celebrate the Islamists' demise. But now the clock is being reset to 2011, and Egyptians are faced with the ridiculous choice between a military junta or a theocracy-flavored-dictatorship. It isn’t a choice we should have to make: Egypt deserves better. But we have failed to develop the better alternative. ... But we have to remind ourselves that the enemy of my enemy is not my friend. The army communiqué speaks doom, not salvation." 

of al-Monitor has a from US National Security Council spokeswoman Bernadette Meehan, who tells Rozen in an email that “It is not accurate that the United States is ‘urging’ President Morsy to call early elections":

“President Obama has encouraged President Morsy to take steps to show that he is responsive to the concerns of the Egyptian people and underscored that the current crisis can only be resolved through a political process,” Meehan continued. “As the President has made clear since the revolution, only Egyptians can make the decisions that will determine their future.”

Read the . 

Guardian Middle East editor Ian Black profiles General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who "was little known outside the army when he was appointed 's defence minister last August":

Sisi, a career soldier, was head of military intelligence and the youngest member of the 19-strong Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. But despite coming from the heart of the security establishment he had a reputation for being sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood — the reason, many Egyptians assumed, Morsi chose him for the job. Sisi is said to be a religious man, and his wife, unusually, wears the full niqab (face veil.) [...]

Sisi, born in 1954, was a relative youngster in a military dominated by elderly officers with extensive privileges and a traditional view of their place in Egyptian political life. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, who he replaced, was in his late 70s. Sisi, promoted two ranks, reportedly shook like a leaf when Morsi told him to "behave like a man" and take the job, while Tantawi waited in the next room.

Read the .

A spokesman for the US national security council has denied a that President Obama has called on President Morsi to hold early elections. Cairo-based journalist Evan Hill the statement:

US Natl Sec Council spox: Obama has encouraged Morsy to take steps to show that he is responsive to the concerns of the Egyptian people

Evan Hill (@evanchill)

NSC: Not accurate to say Obama has called for early elections.

Updated

There are reports of clashes in Cairo.

There are of an armed clash – a "," in one description – in Ketkat Square (h/t @).

McClatchy Middle East bureau chief about a clash – – in Giza, although it is unclear just where:

As I personally saw arms fire, Giza Egypt.

Gunfire began roughly 30 minutes ago, witnesses said. Now street fights are breaking out, I see.

Police are at the scene of one street. Officers arguing over whether to pull out tear gas.

The Guardian's flags a report in  quoting "an official source at the Giza Security Directorate" as saying that Muslim Brotherhood demonstrators had fired on an anti-Morsi march on Faisal Street. The report could not be independently confirmed.

Further reporting from Youssef seems to support that version of events:

Nancy Youssef, نانسى (@nancyayoussef)

Residents say MB shot first. They got 3 MB and started beating them 1 v hurt. Police swooped in and took him away. Giza

The clash appears to have ended, Youssef .

Nancy Youssef,نان

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